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慢性病与行为危险因素研究中心
[ 作者:基础医学研究所(院)    来源自:本站原创    点击数:21163    更新时间:2014-3-14    文章编辑:wangluo ]

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    中心主页http://www.gtcchina.net/ICE/channels/1272.html
    主    任:杨功焕教授
    工作人员:万霞、陈爱平
    硕士研究生:张晓畅 陈功博
    中心介绍
    中国医学科学院基础医学研究所(北京协和医学科学院基础学院)慢性病与行为危险因素研究中心致力于慢性病发生发展相关的不健康行为改变、环境改善和政策出台以降低慢性病导致的疾病负担的相关研究和成果转化,促进慢性病预防控制。本中心与国内外多个部门广泛合作,自2002年以来,先后获得美国国立卫生研究院 (NIH)4项项目支持(中国烟草控制的流行病学和干预研究,我国农村进城打工女性的吸烟易感性调查,烟草控制流行病学、监测和干预能力建设项目,中国青年女性吸烟行为现况调查),并获得其它国际基金会及国内科技部等资金支持。定期举办培训,同时提供1991-2000年中国人群死因监测、1996年全国吸烟行为流行病学调查、2001年全国危险行为因素监测、伤害发病学监测等数据服务。本中心同时也是Johns Hopkins大学全球控烟研究所中国协作中心、疾病负担研究与推广中心。

    中心负责人介绍:杨功焕,研究员,教授,博士生导师,公共卫生和慢性病流行病学专家。1982年毕业于华西医大,1987年赴哈佛大学公卫学院学习,先后在中国预防医学科学院、中国医学科学院、世界银行、世界卫生组织和中国疾病预防控制中心工作。1999-2000年在世界卫生组织总部无烟烟草行动部门工作,参加世界烟草控制框架公约谈判,并担任预防医学科学院慢病控制办和全国控烟办主任。2005-2011年担任中国疾病预防控制中心副主任。现为中国协和医科大学基础医学研究院特聘教授和全球控烟研究所中国分中心主任。主要研究方向为疾病模式和疾病负担研究,重点为烟草流行与控制、自杀模式研究和水污染和人群肿瘤等。在国内外专业杂志上,发表上百篇中英文论文,主编30多本中英文书籍,代表作《中国人群死亡及其危险因素: 流行水平、趋势和分布》、《淮河流域水环境与肿瘤死亡图集》,获6个国家级科技成果奖。

        2013年主要成果
(一)发表文章:
1. Yang GH, Wang Y, Zeng YX, et al. Rapid health transition in China, 1990-2010: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2013: 381: 1987-2015.
2. Yang GH. Marketing ‘less harmful, low-tar’ cigarettes is a key strategy of the industry to counter tobacco control in China. Tobacco control. 2013: 0: 1-6.
3. Wan Xia, Yang GH, Stillman F, et al. Development of policy performance indicators to assess the implementation of protection from exposure to secondhand smoke in China. Tobacco control. [June 11, 2013] doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2012-050890.
4. Wan Xia, Yang GH, Novotny TE. Acceptability and adoption of handheld computer data collection for public health research in China. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2013, 13(1):68
5. 杨功焕、庄大方主编. 淮河流域水环境与消化道肿瘤死亡图集. 北京:地图出版社. 2013.
6. 杨功焕、王传法主编. 执业医师与控烟. 北京:人民卫生出版社. 2013.

(二)主持及参加国际会议
    中心主持了中国疾病负担与健康政策研讨会、低焦减害论坛和中国签署《烟草控制框架公约》十周年沙龙,参加的国际学术会议有:环境与健康沙龙、首届中美肿瘤医疗机构控烟论坛、健康生活方式学术会议、让临床研究者回归临床-----中华医学会肝病学分会青年培训会、中意“生态管理:战略与政策”高级培训班、2013年环太平洋大学协会全球健康研讨会、第八届世界联盟危险因素监测全球会议、烟草税收和烟草经济高级政策会议、第六届中国肺癌南北高峰论坛等,并作大会发言。
(三)科研项目
CMB项目“Strengthen Capacity of Study and Application on Burden of Disease in Health Care System of China”(2012.7-2015.7)


 
Research Center for Chronic Diseases and Behavior Risk Factors

Website: http://www.gtcchina.net/ICE/channels/1272.html
Director: Prof.Gonghuan Yang
Faculty member: Dr. Xia Wan;MS. AiPing Chen,
MD student:  XiaoChang Zhang;GongBo Chen
Introduction:
Research Center on Chronic Disease and Related Behavior Risk Factors is dedicated to studies on the chronic non-communicable disease (NCD) related behavior modification, environment improvement and policy making, in order to decrease the disease burden caused by chronic disease, as well as translating the results to public health practice in order to control increasing of mortality and morbidity of NCD. We have established collaboration with multiple domestic and international institutes. From 2002, we got the funding supported from NIH for tobacco research, that is Epidemiology and Intervention Research for Tobacco Control in China, Susceptibility to Smoking Initiation Among Young Rural-Urban Migrants in China, Epidemiology and Intervention Research for Tobacco Control and Susceptibility to Smoking Initiation Among Rural and Urban Young Chinese Women. We organize training programs and provide data sharing service, including the cause of death of China, 1991-2000; results of 1996 survey on prevalence on tobacco use behavior in China; results of 2002 national survey of the behavior risk factors; and morbidity data of injury, etc. Our center also is the China branch of the Global Institute for Tobacco Control, Johns Hopkins University, and Chinese Burden of Disease Research and Dissemination Center.
Director: Dr. Gonghuan Yang, professor of epidemiology on chronic disease and public health. She graduated from the West-China Medical University in 1982, and studied in Public Health School of Harvard University from 1987 to 1988. She has worked in Chinese Academy of Prevention Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, World Bank, WHO and China CDC. During 1999-2000, Dr. Yang worked in TFI of WHO/HQ and attended negotiation of WHO Convention Framework of Tobacco Control as expert. Meantime, she was in charge of the NCD prevention office and tobacco control office of Chinese Academy of Prevention Medicine. From 2005 to 2011, Dr. Yang was deputy director general of China CDC. Now she is a distinguished professor in institute of Basic Medical Sciences of PUMC and is the chief of Institute for Global Tobacco Control, China Branch Center. The main research areas include disease pattern and burden of disease, especially focused on tobacco prevalence and control, suicide pattern, water pollution and cancers. Dr. Yang has published more than 100 academic papers both in international and national journals, and edited more than 30 books. The representative works are The prevalence, trend and distribution of death and its risk factors in China and The atlas of water environment and death attributed to cancers of Huai River basin. She also won National science and technology achievement award for 6 times.
Major publications:
1. Yang GH, Wang Y, Zeng YX, et al. Rapid health transition in China, 1990-2010: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2013: 381: 1987-2015.
2. Yang GH. Marketing ‘less harmful, low-tar’ cigarettes is a key strategy of the industry to counter tobacco control in China. Tobacco control. 2013: 0: 1-6.
3. Wan Xia, Yang GH, Stillman F, et al. Development of policy performance indicators to assess the implementation of protection from exposure to secondhand smoke in China. Tobacco control. [June 11, 2013] doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2012-050890.
4. Wan Xia, Yang GH, Novotny TE. Acceptability and adoption of handheld computer data collection for public health research in China. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2013, 13(1):68
5. Yang GH, Zhuang DF. Huaihe River Basin Water Environment and gastrointestinal cancer mortality atlas. Beijing: Map Publishing House. 2013.
6. Yang GH, Wang CF. Practicing physicians and tobacco control. Beijing: People's Health Publishing House. 2013
Conference presentations:
We co-organized the Evidence-based policy dialogue: China and the Global Burden of Disease, the “Low tar, reducing harm?” forum and "Implementing Framework Convention on Tobacco Control for ten years". And also attended many international conferences and did oral presentations, such as Environment and health Sharon, First Sino-US Tobacco Control Forum for cancer institutions, Healthy Lifestyle Workshop, Returning clinical researchers back to clinical-----youth training of hematology branch of Chinese Medical Association, Sino-Italian "Eco-Management: Strategies and Policies" advanced training, APRU Global Health Workshop 2013、The 8th World Alliance for Risk Factor Surveillance Global Conference, High Level Policy Conference on Tobacco Taxation and Tobacco Economy, The Sixth North and South China Summit Forum of Lung Cancer, et al.

Research projects:
CMB“Strengthen Capacity of Study and Application on Burden of Disease in Health Care System of China”(2012.7-2015.7)

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