Sirt1 mediates the effect of the heme oxygenase inducer, cobalt protoporphyrin, on ameliorating liver metabolic damage caused by a high-fat diet
Liu X1, Gao Y2, Li M3, Geng C2, Xu H4, Yang Y5, Guo Y6, Jiao T2, Fang F7, Chang Y8
J Hepatol. 2015 Sep;63(3):713-21. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2015.05.018. Epub 2015 May 27.
PMID: 26026874 [PubMed - in process]
BACKGROUND & AIMS:
Heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1)-mediated increases in adiponectin, ameliorate the deleterious effects of obesity and metabolic syndrome; however, the effect of HO-1 on hepatic lipid metabolism remains elusive. The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of HO-1 in hepatic lipid metabolism.
Functional studies were performed using C57BL/6J (WT) mice and Sirt1 liver specific mutant (Sirt1-deficient) mice. The molecular mechanism was explored in primary hepatocytes and mouse liver.
Chronic exposure to high-fat diet (HFD) induced hepatic steatosis in WT mice. Treatment of WT mice on HFD with cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP), an inducer of HO-1 activity, decreased body weight and visceral fat content, reduced intracellular hepatic triglyceride and serum total cholesterol concentrations, and decreased liver lipid droplet formation. Compared with WT mice, the administration of CoPP to Sirt1-deficient mice on HFD increased visceral fat content, and slightly promoted liver lipid droplet formation. CoPP improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in WT mice on HFD, but compromised insulin sensitivity in Sirt1-deficient mice on HFD. Furthermore, CoPP-induced Sirt1 expression and decreased sterol regulatory element binding protein 1c (SREBP-1c) expression in WT mice on HFD. However, CoPP promoted SREBP-1c expression in Sirt1-deficient hepatocytes, which was reversed by a protein tyrosine phosphatase 1b inhibitor. Additionally, while the administration of CoPP to WT mice on HFD improved antioxidant and anti-inflammatory states, these CoPP-mediated effects were abolished in Sirt1-deficient mice.
Sirt1 mediates the effect of CoPP on ameliorating liver metabolic damage caused by HFD.